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Last Updated December 10, 2003

Disk Management
  Where to Start
  Configuring Disks
  CD/CD-RW/DVD Drives

Disk Management Tools

Keeping your disk drives happy and healthy isn't rocket science, but it does involve a bit of knowledge about what problems affect performance and what tools are available


How to Perform Disk Error Checking in Windows XP 
Microsoft Knowledge Base Article: 315265 - This article describes how to check the integrity of the hard disk drive in Windows XP. After you install Windows XP, the Scandisk command is not available. 

How to Perform Scandisk in Windows 
Microsoft Knowledge Base Article: 156571 - After you install Windows, there is no scandisk command in the System tools folder. 

CHKNTFS.EXE: What You Can Use It For 
Microsoft Knowledge Base Article: 160963 - The Chkntfs.exe utility has been developed by Microsoft and is available in Microsoft Windows NT 4.0 Service Pack 2 and later versions of Windows. It is designed to disable the automatic running of chkdsk on specific volumes, when Windows restarts from an improper shutdown. Chkntfs can also be used to unschedule a chkdsk if chkdsk /f was used to schedule a chkdsk on an active volume on the next system restart.

An Explanation of the New /C and /I Switches That Are Available to Use with Chkdsk.exe 
Microsoft Knowledge Base Article: 314835 - This article describes two new switches, the /C switch and the /I switch, that are included in the CHKDSK program in Windows XP. These switches enable better management of the downtime that occurs when you run CHKDSK or AUTOCHK 

Description of the New Command Line Defrag.exe Included with Windows XP
Microsoft Knowledge Base Article: 283080 - This article describes the Defrag.exe command line utility that is included with Windows XP. The Defrag.exe command line utility is specifically designed for scripting and for use by system administrators.

How to Defragment Your Disk Drive Volumes in Windows XP
Microsoft Knowledge Base Article: 314848 - This article describes how to defragment your disk drive volumes and describes the limitations of using Disk Defragmenter Microsoft Management Console (MMC) that is included with Windows XP.

How to Provide Event Logging for the Disk Defragmenter Utility with Windows Script Host
Microsoft Knowledge Base Article: 294743 - This article discusses how to provide event logging for the Disk Defragmenter (Defrag.exe) utility with Windows Script Host. This command-line Disk Defragmenter utility that is included with Microsoft Windows XP enables administrators and power users to schedule, and, if needed, to script their operations

The Windows XP defragger - is it good enough for the enterprise?
Microsoft knew that the defragmenter it bundled with NT and Windows 2000 was a significant weakness for computers used in the enterprise. So Bill Gates' wizards beefed it up for Windows XP. The result is a definite improvement, but it lacks the functionality required for a network environment - even Microsoft agrees. Source: ServerWorld

DIsk Cleanup Utility

Disk Cleanup Tool Stops Responding While Compressing Old Files
Microsoft Knowledge Base Article: 812248 - When you try to compress old files, the Disk Cleanup tool may stop responding (hang) and you receive the following message: Disk Cleanup is calculating how much space you will be able to free on (C:). This may take a few minutes to complete

Disk Cleanup Utility Stops Responding
Microsoft Knowledge Base Article: 812930 - When you run the Disk Cleanup utility, the program may stop responding (hang) while scanning for compressed files.

Description of the Disk Cleanup Tool in Windows XP
Microsoft Knowledge Base Article: 310312  - This article describes how to use the Disk Cleanup tool in Windows XP.

How to Automate the Disk Cleanup Tool in Windows XP
Microsoft Knowledge Base Article: 315246 - This article describes how use command-line options to configure the Disk Cleanup tool (Cleanmgr.exe) to automatically clean up certain files.

A Description of the Diskpart Command-Line Utility 
Microsoft Knowledge Base Article: 300415 - This article describes the Diskpart utility. You can use this utility to enable storage configuration from a script, a remote session, or another command prompt. Diskpart enhances the Disk Administrator graphical user interface (GUI).

HOW TO: Create a GUID Partition Table Partition on a Raw Disk by Using the Diskpart.efi Utility 
Microsoft Knowledge Base Article: 297800 - This article describes how to create a GUID partition table (GPT) partition (where GUID is the abbreviation for globally unique identifier) on a raw disk by using the Diskpart utility (Diskpart.efi). 

Fixmbr Repairs the master boot record of the boot disk. The fixmbr command is only available when you are using the Recovery Console fixmbr [device_name] Parameter device_name The device (drive) on which you want to write a new master boot record. The name can be obtained from the output of the map command

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