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Last Updated December 10, 2003

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Technical Articles and Specifications

Windows 2000 includes a number of improvements to its file and print abilities, including its integration with Active Directory, unified driver models, and improved spooling. Here is our collection of technical articles we found useful.
 
Downloading Printer Drivers from the Print Server
Microsoft Knowledge Base Article: 244284 - This article describes how a Windows NT client decides whether printer drivers should be downloaded from the print server to the client. 

Best Practices for Installing and Using Printer Drivers With Windows 2000 Terminal Services
Microsoft Knowledge Base Article: 331055 - This article describes best practices for installing and using printer drivers with Windows 2000 Terminal Services. In Windows 2000 and later, the architecture of printer drivers was changed to unify the interface and add reliability to the server.

How Windows NT LPD Server Implements LPR Control Characters
Microsoft Knowledge Base Article: 124735 - The Windows NT LPD Server is based on RFC1179, which defines the standard for TCP/IP Printing using Berkeley Style Daemons (BSD). However, the Windows NT LPD Server does not implement all incoming control characters because of overlapping 

New TCP/IP Printing Options in Windows 2000 Standard Port Monitor
Microsoft Knowledge Base Article: 246868 - Windows 2000 offers an alternative to LPR ports when you want to print to network print devices over TCP/IP. The new port monitor is called Standard Port Monitor (SPM). SPM is installed by default when TCP/IP is installed in Windows 2000.

Network Bi-Directional Printing Support in Windows NT/2000
Microsoft Knowledge Base Article: 132465 - Most print devices now support bi-directional communications in a local area network (LAN) to provide feedback to print servers. This information is used in various dialog boxes (for example, for printer status and current job information). 

Overview of Fixprnsv.exe
Microsoft Knowledge Base Article: 247196 - This article describes the command-line utility Fixprnsv.exe.

Print Spooler Support on Microsoft Windows 2000 Server Cluster
Microsoft Knowledge Base Article: 228904 - You can use Microsoft Cluster Server to create and host print server functionality. The configuration steps are improved in Windows 2000, compared to how the configuration is performed in Microsoft Windows NT Server 4.0, Enterprise Edition. 

Requirements for Proper Function of the Directory Services Printer Pruner in the Enterprise
Microsoft Knowledge Base Article: 246269 - For the Printer Pruner to operate across the enterprise and allow for the scavenging of orphaned queues on an unmanaged basis, every site in the enterprise must have at least one domain controller running the print spooler (Spoolsv.exe). 

Redirecting Print Screen Output for 16-bit DOS Applications
Microsoft Knowledge Base Article: 140399 - When you press the Print Screen key at the MS-DOS Command Prompt or in a DOS application window under Windows NT, the screen contents are copied to the clipboard. 

Roaming Profiles and Internet Printing Are Incompatible Because Profiles Are Not Saved
Microsoft Knowledge Base Article: 247574 - When you log off of a Terminal Services session, changes to your roaming profile may not be saved. 

Setting Automatic Printing to a File Name in Windows NT/2000
Microsoft Knowledge Base Article: 119256 - This article describes how to enable automatic printing to a file in Windows NT. 

Server Administration, File and Print Services Over the Internet
Microsoft Knowledge Base Article: 143175 - You can administer domains and Windows NT Servers across the Internet for companies or for users that are away from the main domain or server. You can even use Windows 95 to administer the Windows NT Domain/Server if you have the Windows 95 Windows NT Admin Tools (Nexus) installed. 

Text of RFC1179 Standard for Windows NT TCP/IP Printing
Microsoft Knowledge Base Article: 124734 - Windows NT TCP/IP Printing Services are based on the standard defined in RFC1179, which contains the communication specification for line printer remote (LPR) and line printer daemon (LPD) printing and is based on TCP/IP printing with Berkeley Style Daemons (BSD). 

Windows NT Parallel Ports Do Not Use Interrupts
Microsoft Knowledge Base Article: 103411 - In Windows NT, parallel ports do not use any hardware interrupt request lines (IRQs). 

Overview of Windows 2000 Server Roles
Microsoft Knowledge Base Article: 242955 -  This article discusses some of the various roles for Windows 2000-based servers including: 

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