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Last Updated December 10, 2003

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Windows 2000 Remote Installation Services

Remote Installation Services (RIS) for Windows 2000 allows administrators to distribute an Riprep based drive image of a customized Windows 2000 installations to remote clients on a network. In addition, the RIP client uses PXE/DHCP©based remote boot technology to remotely install the OS on the local hard disk of a client computer.
Where to Start...

HOW TO: Use Remote Installation Service to Install Windows 2000 Professional on Remote Computers 
Microsoft Knowledge Base Article: 300483 - With Remote Installation Services, you can set up new client computers remotely by using a Remote Installation Services (RIS) network shared folder as the source of the Windows 2000 Professional files. You can install operating systems on remote boot-enabled client computers by connecting the computer to the network, starting the client computer, booting off a PXE ROM or Remote Boot Disk, and logging on with a valid user account. This document outlines the steps necessary to install, configure, and use Remote Installation Services (RIS). 

Installing Windows 2000 On Workstations with Remote Installation Services
Sample Chapter 3, from Mark Minasi's "Mastering Windows 2000 Server." Provides an overview of RIS and details on how to prepare for, install and enable RIS.

Remote Operating System Installation Overview
This white paper provides an overview of the Remote Operating System Installation feature, which performs Change and Configuration Management tasks in Windows© 2000-based networks, and the Remote Installation Services (RIS) technologies it uses. Source: Microsoft.com (Oct 1999)

Remote Operating System Installation
Downloadable Word document, that describes the Windows© 2000 Remote OS Installation feature, that gives administrators the ability to deploy an operating system throughout the enterprise, without the need to physically visit each client computer. Source: Microsoft.com (Sept 28, 1999)

Step by Step Guide to Remote OS Installation
The Windows© 2000 operating system Remote OS Installation feature was created to deploy an operating system throughout an enterprise network without having to physically attend to each client computer. This document outlines the steps necessary to install, configure, and use RIS. Source: Microsoft.com (Feb 7, 2000)

Technical Guide to Remote Installation Services
This white paper discusses how to install, configure, and troubleshoot Microsoft Windows 2000 Remote Installation Services (RIS). This document covers the following areas: Pre-Boot Execution Environment (PXE), installation and deployment of RIS, customizing Client Installation Wizard (CIW) screens, and an overview of the Single Instance Store (SIS) feature. Source: Microsoft.com (July 2000)

Update for the Riprep Tool 
Microsoft Knowledge Base Article: 313069 - When you attempt to run Riprep.exe from a Windows 2000-based Remote Installation Service (RIS) server on an Windows XP-based client computer to create an image, you may receive the following error message: 

Remote Installation Services

Changing the Drive or Volume on Which Remote Installation Images Reside
Microsoft Knowledge Base Article: 232115 - When you install the Remote Installation service (RIS), one part of the Setup process is to run Risetup.exe to set up and configure the service. The volume or drive used to hold these images is determined during this phase. 

Change in Default Behavior for SIS Groveler
Microsoft Knowledge Base Article: 324447 - When you install Remote Installation Service (RIS), the Single Instance Storage (SIS) service and the Single Instance Storage Groveler service are installed. By default, in versions of Windows earlier than Service Pack 3 (SP3), SIS manages and grovels the whole volume where you locate the RemoteInstall folder. In SP3, this behavior has changed. This article discusses these changes. 

Creating a Template to Run Recovery Console Using a Remote Install Server 
Microsoft Knowledge Base Article: 222478 - The Recovery Console for Windows 2000 assists in repairing a non-bootable installation, but it requires the installation media consisting of the four Setup disks or the CD-ROM. The Recovery Console can also be preinstalled by running the command "Winnt32 /cmdcons" ahead of time to place the files on the local hard disk. This option requires approximately 7 megabytes (MB) of disk space 

Description of Client Installation Wizard Screens for Remote Installation Services
Microsoft Knowledge Base Article: 268325 - Remote Installation Services (RIS) provides a set of Client Installation Wizard screens that prompt a user through the installation of an operating system. These screens are maintained as simple text files in an OSChooser Markup Language 

Description of Default ResponseDelay Value for RIS
Microsoft Knowledge Base Article:
240122 - The ResponseDelay value for Remote Installation Service (RIS) defaults to 0 seconds when the service is installed. This setting is meant to improve the performance of RIS when Dynamic Host Control Protocol (DHCP) and RIS are installed on the.

Groveler Service Generates Event-ID 8194 - USN Log Overrun
Microsoft Knowledge Base Article: 247611 - When using Remote Installation Service (RIS), Windows 2000 images must be stored on an NTFS volume. The Single Instance Storage (SIS) service along with the Groveler service reduce the overhead associated with keeping multiple images on the RIS volume by locating duplicate files and only keeping a single copy of the files on the NTFS volume.

How the Remote Installation Boot Disk Works
Microsoft Knowledge Base Article: 242920 - Describes how the Remote Installation Boot disk works. 

How to Add Third-Party OEM Network Adapters to RIS Installations
Microsoft Knowledge Base Article: 246184 Adding a network adapter that requires an OEM driver to a CD-ROM-based Remote Installation Service (RIS) image involves some of the same steps as adding one to a typical unattended installation. 

How to Allow Non-Root or Enterprise Administrators to Authorize RIS Servers in Active Directory
Microsoft Knowledge Base Article: 239004 - For Remote Installation Service (RIS) servers to begin to service clients, they must first be authorized by Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) by using the DHCP Management snap-in. 

How to Boot the Windows Preinstall Environment from a RIS Server by Using PXE-Enabled Clients
Microsoft Knowledge Base Article: 304992 - This article describes how to deploy the Windows Preinstall Environment (WinPE) from a Remote Installation Services (RIS) server for a Pre-Boot Execution Environment (PXE) boot 

How to create a Remote Installation Share for Windows 2000
Microsoft Knowledge Base Article: 214794 The Remote Installation Service (RIS) included with Windows 2000 Server is designed to install Microsoft Windows 2000 Professional clients. This service does not allow Windows 2000 Server to be installed using RIS. This article describes how to set up a CD-ROM-type installation share and deploy Windows 2000 server using a method similar to an unattended installation.

How to Deploy Windows XP Images from Windows 2000 RIS Servers 
Microsoft Knowledge Base Article: 304314 - You can use Windows 2000 Remote Installation Services (RIS) to deploy Windows XP images to client desktop computers, and this capability includes images that you have created by using Risetup.exe or Riprep.exe. This article describes the related changes and updates you must make to the Windows 2000 RIS server. 

How to Install a Windows 2000 Server or Windows Server 2003 Image to a Windows Server 2003 RIS Server
Microsoft Knowledge Base Article: 299441 - Windows Server 2003 Remote Installation Service (RIS) provides the ability to upload Windows Server images to the RIS server for deployment. This article describes how to install a Windows Server image to a Windows Server 2003-based RIS server.

HOW TO: Install a Windows 2000 Image on a Windows XP Remote Installation Service Server
Microsoft Knowledge Base Article 299312 - This article describes how to integrate Windows 2000 images on a Windows XP Remote Installation Services (RIS - server. The Windows XP RIS server can have both Windows XP installation images and Windows 2000 images.

HOW TO: Set Up and Configure Remote Installation Services
Microsoft Knowledge Base Article: 298750 - This article describes the steps to install, configure, and use Remote Installation Services (RIS). 

How to Move a Remote Installation Services Server to Another Windows 2000 Domain
Microsoft Knowledge Base Article: 260536 - When you move a Remote Installation Services (RIS) server from one Windows 2000 domain to another the computer may appear to join the new domain without any problems, but new clients that attempt to boot to the RIS server in the new domain.

How to Replicate RIS Images Using DFS and NTFRS 
Microsoft Knowledge Base Article: 273594 - This article describes how to use Windows NT File Replication Service (NTFRS) with Distributed File System (DFS) to replicate your Remote Installation Services (RIS) images. 

How to Restore a Volume That Is Managed by Single Instance Storage
Microsoft Knowledge Base Article: 263027 - When you install Remote Installation Service (RIS) on a computer, you also set up Single Instance Storage (SIS) on a volume of the hard disk drive. SIS reduces the amount of space in a volume that data uses by removing duplicate files and placing them in a common store directory (\Sis Common Store), which is a hidden directory in the root directory of the volume. When you run Risetup.exe to complete the installation of RIS, you choose an NTFS file system volume on which to store your images. You install the SIS filter on this volume. (updated 9/15/2000)

How to Set the Administrator Password During RIS Installation
Microsoft Knowledge Base Article: 257948 - During the installation of a Remote Installation Service (RIS) image, the Administrator password is set to null by default. This article describes how to set the Administrator password during the RIS installation. 

HOW TO: Set Up and Configure Remote Installation Services
Microsoft Knowledge Base Article: 298750 - This article describes the steps to install, configure, and use Remote Installation Services (RIS).

HOW TO: Uninstall Remote Installation Services and Single Instance Storage
Microsoft Knowledge Base Article: 299873 - This article describes how to uninstall Remote Installation Services (RIS) and Single Instance Storage (SIS). This article also describes how to back up and restore data in its native format from a SIS volume to a non-SIS volume.

HOW TO: Use Remote Installation Service to Install Windows 2000 Professional on Remote Computers 
Microsoft Knowledge Base Article: 300483 - With Remote Installation Services, you can set up new client computers remotely by using a Remote Installation Services (RIS) network shared folder as the source of the Windows 2000 Professional files. You can install operating systems on remote boot-enabled client computers by connecting the computer to the network, starting the client computer, booting off a PXE ROM or Remote Boot Disk, and logging on with a valid user account. This document outlines the steps necessary to install, configure, and use Remote Installation Services (RIS). 

Requirements for Imaging Clients with Riprep.exe
Microsoft Knowledge Base Article: 228908 - You can use Riprep.exe to install an image of a client computer on a Remote Installation Service (RIS) server. The image can then be downloaded by clients using PXE boot ROMs or a RBFG-generated floppy disk.

Rights Needed for Remote Installation Server to Create Machine Accounts
Microsoft Knowledge Base Article: 224294 - The Remote Installation service (RIS) needs to create a Machine Account object (MAO) in the domain in order for a remote installation server to finish setting up a client. 

Riprep.exe Adds Duplicate Paths to the Registry
Microsoft Knowledge Base Article: 258862 - When you use Riprep.exe to create an image of a Windows 2000 Professional installation and the OemPnpdriversPath key is specified in the Sysprep.inf file, the entries placed in this registry key HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Windows: DevicePath are duplicated when placed in the registry. 

Windows 2000: Remote Installation Services Support WebCast
Microsoft Support WebCast: Windows 2000 Remote Installation Services (RIS) provides an easier, more effective method to deploy Windows 2000 Professional to your company's computers. During this session, we will cover an overview of RIS and its features.

Windows File Protection Prompts RIS Client for Installation Media
Microsoft Knowledge Base Article: 258955 - When a Windows 2000 system file is deleted or overwritten, Windows File Protection (WFP) attempts to repair the file using the local %SystemRoot%\System32\DLLCache folder or the %SystemRoot%\Driver Cache\I386\Drivers.cab file. 

Troubleshooting
Troubleshooting Remote Installation Services
Great troubleshooting guide, from the Windows 2000 Online Documentation.

Cannot Install Windows 2000 Using Remote Installation Service
Microsoft Knowledge Base Article: 228254 - When you try to install Windows 2000 from a network share using the Remote Installation service of Windows 2000, you may receive an error message: 

Cannot Remotely Administer the Remote Installation Service
Microsoft Knowledge Base Article: 247592 - When you attempt to administer the Remote Installation Service (RIS) on a Microsoft Windows 2000 Server-based member server, working from a Windows 2000 Server-based domain controller that does not have RIS installed, you cannot perform this task. The 'Remote Installation Service' tab is not available in the member server's Properties dialog box when you view it from the domain controller 

Duplicate Computer Names May Be Created When You Set Up Multiple Clients with RIS
Microsoft Knowledge Base Article: 810989 - When you install multiple clients concurrently by using Remote Installation Services (RIS), some of the client computers might receive the same computer name. This makes it impossible for these computers to join a domain.

Error Message: Cannot Create a Temporary Unattended Setup Answer File
Microsoft Knowledge Base Article: 231410 - When you use the Remote Installation service (RIS) to install clients, or if you run out of disk space on the RIS volume, you may receive the following error message: The server Servername cannot create a temporary unattended Setup Answer File. Contact your administrator. 

Error Message: The BINL Service Cannot Locate a Flat Image with a Version That Matches the Version of the Riprep Image
Microsoft Knowledge Base Article: 262801 - When you are using the Remote Installation service (RIS) to install an image of Windows 2000 Professional that you created with Riprep.exe on a new client computer, you may receive the following error message: The network server does not support booting Windows 2000. Setup cannot continue. Press any key to exit. 

Err Msg: INF File Tmp\<GUID_number.sif> Is Corrupt or Missing
Microsoft Knowledge Base Article: 224830 - When you are using a Windows 2000 Remote Install Service (RIS) server to perform a remote installation to a Pre-boot Execution Environment (PXE) client computer, you may receive the following error message: Windows 2000 Setup. INF file tmp\4358314FC080478044107B004C4C4544.sif is corrupt or missing. Setup can not continue, press any key to exit. NOTE: The long number in the GUID_number.sif file name is unique to every PXE client and varies from client to client. 

Error Message: The Operating System Image You Selected Does Not Contain the Necessary Drivers
Microsoft Knowledge Base Article 247983 - When you attempt to install Windows 2000 from a Pre-boot Execution Environment (PXE) client and you select an image created by Riprep that contains the proper network adapter driver, Setup starts and you receive the following error message: The operating system image you selected does not contain the necessary drivers for your network adapter. Try selecting a different operating system image. If the problem persists, contact your system administrator. Setup cannot continue. Press any key to exit. 

Error Message: The Operating System Image You Selected Does Not Contain the Necessary Drivers for Your Network Adapter. Try Selecting a Different Operating System Image. If the Problem Persists, Contact Your System Administrator
Microsoft Knowledge Base Article 315074 - When you try to run a Remote Installation service (RIS) installation on a client computer, you may receive the following error message during Text-mode Setup: The operating system image you selected does not contain the necessary drivers for your network adapter. Try selecting a different operating system image. If the problem persists, contact your system administrator

How to Enable Debug Mode for Remote Install Servers
Microsoft Knowledge Base Article: 236033 - You can enable a Windows 2000 Remote Install Server (RIS) to run in Debug mode for troubleshooting purposes. This can be useful when you are trying to troubleshoot client/server issues (such as pre-staged systems not connecting to the RIS server.

Multihomed RIS Server Does Not Answer Clients
Microsoft Knowledge Base Article: 247685 - When you are using a multihomed Remote Installation service (RIS) server, Pre-boot Execution Environment (PXE) clients may not receive an answer from the server. The clients may display a message similar to: DHCP.......... No reply from a server. Press any key to reboot system When you check the Application event log, there are no error messages from the Boot Information Negotiation Layer service (Binlsvc). The event log also indicates that the server is authorized in Active Directory and can service clients. The multihomed system is also running the Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) service with active, enabled scopes for each network adapter. 

PXE Clients Do Not Receive IP Address From DHCP Server Across a Router
Microsoft Knowledge Base Article: 257579 - Pre-Boot Execution Environment (PXE) clients require an Internet Protocol (IP) address from a Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) server to begin the installation process from a Remote Installation Services (RIS) server.

Remote Install Client Hangs at the End of Text-Mode Setup
Microsoft Knowledge Base Article: 226941 - When you are installing Windows 2000 on a client computer using the Remote Installation service (RIS), the client computer may stop responding (hang) at the end of the text-mode portion of Setup. 

RIS Setup Stops Responding at "Setup is Starting Windows" Screen
Microsoft Knowledge Base Article: 320865 - During a Remote Installation Services (RIS) installation operation, Setup may stop responding at the "Setup is Starting Windows" screen. 

Slipstream Switch for Windows 2000 SP1 Update.exe Does Not Work with RIS Server Images
Microsoft Knowledge Base Article: 258868 - When you attempt to "slipstream" Windows 2000 Service Pack 1 (SP1) into a CD-ROM-based image on a Remote Installation Service (RIS) server by using the update -s:path_to_image command, you may receive the following error message: An error has occurred copying files from the Service Pack share to the distribution folder.  An alternate symptom is that after you slip stream SP1 to the base image (using update -s:<path_to_image> command in order to accommodate creating a new RIPREP image of a SP1 client), new RIS clients that attempt to download the new Riprep image may experience their system not responding at the Setup is starting Windows 2000 screen 

The Remote Installation Services Setup May Hang When You Load the Setup.ini File
Microsoft Knowledge Base Article: 286558 - When you set up a client computer by means of Remote Installation Services (RIS), the client may hang during the textmode portion of Setup, and you may receive the following message: Loading information file Setup.ini.

Unable to Contact DHCP Server with RIS Boot Disk
Microsoft Knowledge Base Article: 255952 - When you start a Remote Install Service (RIS) client by using the Remote Install boot disk you created with the Remote Boot Floppy Generator (Rbfg.exe), you may receive an error message

Using Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol Options 60, 66, 67 to Direct PXE Clients to RIS Servers May Fail
Microsoft Knowledge Base Article: 259670 - In some environments, you may try to set the following Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) options in order to direct Pre-Boot Execution Environment (PXE) clients to Windows 2000 Remote Installation Services (RIS) servers:

Windows 2000 Is Unexpectedly Installed On a Newly Created Account During Remote Installation
Microsoft Knowledge Base Article: 328725 - When you try to reinstall Windows 2000 through the Remote Installation Service (RIS), you may notice that the operating system is unexpectedly installed to a new account that was created during installation.

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