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Last Updated December 10, 2003

Disk Management
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Disk Management Basics

There are a number of technical terms and rules that are important to keep in mind when configuring and managing disks in Windows 2000. This is a collection of basic articles, "backgrounders", primers, and technical specifications for new administrators who may be unfamiliar with how Microsoft designed 

Primers and Technical Overviews

Definition of System and Boot Partition
Microsoft Knowledge Base Article: 100525 Definition of System and Boot Partition. 

Description of Advanced Disk Properties Features 
Microsoft Knowledge Base Article: 233541 - This article describes some of the advanced performance options available if you view the properties of a hard disk. Some of these advanced options are only available on SCSI hard disks, not on drives based on Integrated Drive Electronics 

Description of Disk Groups in Windows 2000 Disk Management
Microsoft Knowledge Base Article: 222189. Describes Dynamic Disks and Disk Groups in Windows 2000.

Dynamic vs. Basic Storage in Windows 2000 
Microsoft Knowledge Base Article: 175761 A new storage type has been defined with the introduction of Windows 2000, and exposed in the new Logical Disk Management snap-in; previous versions of Windows NT used only basic storage.

Hard Disk Management
Basic Guide from Mandy Syers from ZDNet's Help and How-to section. Includes advice on backing up a hard drive, uninstalling old files, running Scandisk, controlling the cache, partitioning a disk, and adding additional drives.

HOW TO: Expand the Boot Partition During a Windows 2000 Upgrade 
Microsoft Knowledge Base Article: 289876 - This article describes the procedure to expand the existing operating system partition during an upgrade to Windows 2000. You can expand your existing operating system partition when you upgrade from Windows 95, Windows 98, and Windows NT

How to Restore the Default NTFS Permissions for Windows 2000
Microsoft Knowledge Base Article: 266118 - This article describes how to restore the default NTFS permissions.

How Windows 2000 Assigns, Reserves, and Stores Drive Letters
Microsoft Knowledge Base Article: 234048 In Windows 2000, all drive letters assigned to volumes are assigned by the Mount Manager (MountMgr) program. After a drive letter is assigned to a volume by MountMgr, the drive letter is reserved for the volume in the MountMgr database located in the system's registry. Windows 2000 Setup also uses MountMgr to handle BASIC, Dynamic, and legacy FT-Set drive letter assignments during a clean installation and are displayed and assigned in a specific order, sometimes based on past drive letter assignments. 

How Windows NT Handles Drive Translation
Microsoft Knowledge Base Article: 161563 When the operating system starts, the mini-port drivers and SCSI disk and class drivers are among the first to load. This is true even in an all EIDE system because the ATAPI drivers make EIDE devices look like SCSI devices to the rest of the system. 

The Definitive Guide to Windows 2000 Storage Resource Management
An online eBook sponsored by Precise/WQuinn. Free registration is required. Source: RealTimePublishers

The Tech Page
An online database that holds jumpers and specs for thousands of hard drives from hundreds of manufacturers. Also includes low level format and other hard drive utilities, and a free discussion forum.

Using Group Policy Objects to Hide Specified Drives in My Computer for Windows 2000 and Windows XP 
Microsoft Knowledge Base Article: 231289 - With Group Policy Objects in Windows, there is a "Hide these specified drives in My Computer" option that lets you hide specific drives. However, it may be necessary to hide only certain drive, but retain access to others. 


Data Removal and Erasure of Data from Hard Disk Drives
Make sure your data is really gone and unrecoverable before you give your Hard Drives to someone else. Source:

Hard Disk Optimization on Windows NT
Tips for tuning disk performance by Lee Ramos Source: Windows NT Systems Magazine (March 1998)

Overview of Disk Subsystems

Properly Connecting SCSI Devices to Windows NT
Microsoft Knowledge Base Article: 101352 Properly Connecting SCSI Devices to Windows NT 

Windows 2000 disk quotas limitations
Quotas are a feature of the version 5 of NTFS, introduced with Windows 2000. Although I doubt that anyone is planning on using FAT or FAT32 for user data volumes, there are implications of the fact that the quota information resides in the file system, rather than registry. Source: (Jan 25, 2001)

Windows NT Boot Process and Hard Disk Constraints
Microsoft Knowledge Base Article: 114841 - This article describes hard disk size constraints under Windows NT and Windows NT Advanced Server. To understand these constraints, it is necessary to understand both the data structures that define the disk partitions and the interactions.


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