- The Windows 2000\XP\.NET Resource Index
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Last Updated November 19, 2003

File Management
  File Replication Service
  Folder Redirection
  Offline Folders

Disk Management
  Where to Start
  Disk Drives
  Disk Management
  Disk Recovery
  Dynamic Disks
  File Systems
  Remote Storage
  Removable Storage
  Storage (SANS)


File Management

Where to Start...

Changes in File Types and File Association Features in Windows 2000
Microsoft Knowledge Base Article: 257592 - In Microsoft Windows NT 4.0, all entries specific to file type associations are stored in the following registry key: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Classes (HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT is an alias of location) In Windows 2000, a new location is added for storage of user-specific file type associations in the following registry key: HKEY_CURRENT_USER\SOFTWARE\Classes. This location allows for unique customization of file type associations in the user's profile, without having to duplicate information in multiple registry locations and unnecessarily increase the registry size.

Default NTFS Permissions in Windows 2000 
Microsoft Knowledge Base Article: 244600 - This article lists the default permissions on a drive that has been formatted with the NTFS file system for the first time. Some of these folders are hidden by default.

Hiding Specific Files from Unauthorized Users
Hiding certain files from a user's view in Windows is possible--if you use three GPOs and disable the command prompt. Source: Windows & .NET Magazine (Jan 2003)

HOW TO: Change File Associations in Windows 2000 
Microsoft Knowledge Base Article: 320033 - This article describes how to change which program is used to open a file in Windows 2000. For example, you can specify that files with a certain extension open automatically in a specific program. You can also modify an existing file type. 

HOW TO: Connect to Shared Folders Over the Network (on a Domain)
Microsoft Knowledge Base Article: 300856 - This step-by-step guide describes how users can connect to shared folders on a computer in a Windows 2000-based domain. 

HOW TO: Control NTFS Permissions Inheritance 
Microsoft Knowledge Base Article: 313398 - This step-by-step article describes how to control NTFS permissions inheritance.

How to Have Windows Explorer Default to the %SystemRoot% Drive When Started
Microsoft Knowledge Base Article: 257518 - By default, Windows Explorer starts in the My Documents folder. This article describes how to configure Windows Explorer to start with the %SystemRoot% drive as the default view.

HOW TO: Mount a Volume at an NTFS Folder 
Microsoft Knowledge Base Article: 314449 - This step-by-step article describes how to mount and unmount a volume at an NTFS folder. A mounted drive is a drive that is mapped to an empty folder on a volume that uses the NTFS file system. Mounted drives function as any other drives, but they are assigned drive paths instead of drive letters. When you view a mounted drive in Windows Explorer, it appears as a drive icon in the path in which it is mounted. Because mounted drives are not subject to the 26-drive-letter limit for local drives and mapped network connections, use mounted drives when you want to gain access to more than 26 drives on your computer. 

How to Print a Folder Listing in Windows
Microsoft Knowledge Base Article: 196628 - This article describes how to print a listing of files or folders using Windows Explorer or My Computer. 

HOW TO: Set, View, Change, or Remove Auditing for a File or Folder
Microsoft Knowledge Base Article: 301640 - This step-by-step article provides information about how to set, view, change, or remove auditing for a file or folder in Microsoft Windows 2000. 

Copying and Moving Files

COPY, XCOPY, and MOVE Overwrite Functionality Changes in Windows 2000
Microsoft Knowledge Base Article: 240268 - To bring Cmd.exe into conformity with the Microsoft MS-DOS 6.x and Microsoft Windows 95 command shells (, Microsoft has added support for overwrite warnings. When you are copying or moving files from one location to another, if the files already exist in the destination folder, you receive an "overwrite" warning that prompts for confirmation before overwriting the file. This behavior is controllable with the /y switch. 

Copying and Moving Files and Folders 
Microsoft Knowledge Base Article: 266627 - The procedures for copying and moving files are the same for Microsoft Windows 2000 Server and Microsoft Windows 2000 Professional as they are for Microsoft Windows NT 4.0 and earlier versions. The main difference is the automatic inheritance. 

How to Install the File Copy Tool Included with the Windows 2000 Resource Kit
Microsoft Knowledge Base Article: 244732 - This article describes how to install the File Copy tool included with the Windows 2000 Resource Kit.

How Permissions Are Handled When You Copy and Move Files and Folders
Microsoft Knowledge Base Article: 310316 - In Windows 2000, you have the option of using either the FAT32 file system or the NTFS file system. When you use NTFS, you can grant permissions to your folders and files to control access to those objects. When you copy or move a file or folder on an NTFS volume, the manner in which Windows Explorer handles the permissions on the object varies, depending on whether the object is copied or moved within the same NTFS volume or to a different volume. This article describes how Windows Explorer handles file and folder permissions in different situations.

How to Run Xcopy to Null on Windows 2000 
Microsoft Knowledge Base Article: 319137 - If you suspect bad media when you install a program from a CD-ROM, and there is limited hard-disk space on your computer, you can use the Xcopy utility to copy all of the files to null. 

How to Use Robocopy to Copy Security Information Without Copying Any File Data 
Microsoft Knowledge Base Article: 323275 - Documentation for the Robocopy utility is located in the Robocopy.doc file that is included in the Windows NT 4.0 Resource Kit and the Windows 2000 Resource Kit. The "Copying NTFS Security Information" section in the Robocopy.doc file description 

File and Folder Security

HOW TO: Configure Security for Files and Folders on a Network (Domain)
Microsoft Knowledge Base Article: 301195 - This step-by-step guide describes how to configure security for files and folders on a network to protect data from unauthorized access. 

How to Reset ACL Inheritance in the Windows 2000 File System
Microsoft Knowledge Base Article: 223441 - Microsoft Windows 2000 has a significantly new access control paradigm that utilizes dynamic inheritance. This dynamic inheritance model provides users the ability to detach subordinate file system objects from access control inheritance; 

HOW TO: Set Up a Windows 2000 File System for Secure Access 
Microsoft Knowledge Base Article: 300691 - At a basic level, file system security begins by choosing the appropriate file system. Windows 2000 includes three different file systems: NTFS, FAT32, and FAT. 

HOW TO: Set Folder Security for Shared Folders 
Microsoft Knowledge Base Article: 324067 - This article describes how to set sharing permissions on a Windows folder that is being used to hold Web site information. The permissions affect how other users can access the files over a Network File System (NFS) or Server Message Block

How to Take Ownership of Files
Microsoft Knowledge Base Article: 268019 - This article describes how to take ownership of files and other objects on Windows 2000. These steps may be necessary to access certain files or Profiles that an administrator may need to work with.

Permission Inheritance Behavior Between Windows 2000 and Windows NT 4.0 
Microsoft Knowledge Base Article: 287024 - This article describes how the inheritance security model functions in a mixed environment (Windows 2000 and Windows NT 4.0).

Viewing Files and Attributes
How To Remove Files with Reserved Names in Windows NT/2000
Microsoft Knowledge Base Article: 120716 - Because applications control the policy for creating files in Windows NT or Windows NT Advanced Server, files sometimes are created with illegal or reserved names, such as LPT1 or PRN. It is not obvious how to delete such files using the standard user interface. This article explains how.

HOW TO: Show All Files Automatically in System Folders 
Microsoft Knowledge Base Article: 235654 - This article describes how to disable the following warning message when you enter system folders on a Windows 2000-based computer: 

HOW TO: Use the File Attribute Management Script ( in Windows 2000 
Microsoft Knowledge Base Article: 320050 - This step-by-step article describes how to use the File Attribute Management Script tool ( to configure compression and display the attributes of folders and files on local and remote Microsoft Windows 2000-based computers 

File Security (Inherited) Permissions May Be Removed When You Remotely Edit the Permissions 
Microsoft Knowledge Base Article: 304140  - When a drive is mapped to a share point of a server and you edit the remote NTFS file system permissions, any existing inherited permissions are removed and only explicit permissions remain. 

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