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Last Updated December 10, 2003

Clustering Services
  Where to Start
  Administration
  Backup & Restore
  Install
& Configuration 
  Troubleshooting

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Installing and Configuring Microsoft Clustering Services

Installation Resources
Backing Up a WINS Database on a Windows 2000 Cluster
Microsoft Knowledge Base Article: 283290 - When you configure the Windows Internet Naming Service (WINS) to run as a resource on a Windows 2000-based server that is running the Microsoft Cluster service, the typical procedures for backing up the WINS database are not available. The Back Up Database command is not available (grayed out) in the Action menu in the Microsoft Management Console (MMC), or in the properties for the WINS server.

Microsoft Cluster Service Disaster Recovery
Discover effective disaster recovery scenarios for Microsoft Cluster Service in Windows NT Server and Windows 2000. While server clusters are designed to prevent individual server downtime, they are still vulnerable to catastrophic local disasters such as power outages, floods and fires. Gain clear strategies and techniques for implementing off-site or remote protection for clusters using products from Dell Computer, Microsoft Corp. and NSI Software. Microsoft Online Seminar (March 30, 2000)

Disk Replacement for Windows 2000 Server Cluster
Microsoft Knowledge Base Article: 224075 - It can be costly to make mistakes while replacing a cluster disk; the consequences can be irrecoverable loss of all the data on that disk. If the disk is the quorum disk, the cluster's configuration data is at risk.

Microsoft Cluster Service Installation Resources
Microsoft Knowledge Base Article: 259267 - This article provides basic information that you should understand before you install Microsoft Cluster Service (MSCS) on Windows 2000 Advanced Server or Windows NT 4.0, Enterprise Edition. This article contains references to information that you can use to plan the installation of MSCS in your environment.

Installing Microsoft Cluster Server
Planning, preparing, and installing your cluster server software, by Brad Cooper. Source: Windows & .NET Magazine (Oct 1998)

Server Cluster Rolling Upgrade Procedures and Best Practices
This paper discusses the benefits and mechanics of performing a rolling upgrade of clusters running the Microsoft© Windows? Advanced Server & Datacenter Server operating system to the Windows© .NET Enterprise Server & Datacenter Server operating system. This document also provides a step-by-step walkthrough for a rolling upgrade of a two-node Microsoft© Windows? Advanced Server cluster, outlines some known issues, and provides some strategies for troubleshooting. Source: Microsoft TechNet (June 2002)

Using Microsoft Cluster Server to Create a Virtual Server
Microsoft Knowledge Base Article: 257932 - With the Microsoft Cluster service (MSCS) you have the ability to bind multiple NetBIOS network names to one physical server. To do this, you can create a Network Name resource in Cluster Administrator, and then you can set a dependency on an IP Address resource. The Network Name resource creates a virtual server to which users connect. 

Windows Clustering and Geographically Separate Sites
Microsoft Knowledge Base Article: 280743 - You can create many geographically-distributed solutions by adding data-replication software and extended Local Area Network (LAN) hardware to existing, already certified configurations. However, these solutions radically change the nature of a pre-certified configuration particularly in respect to timing and latency. Microsoft therefore requires that both the hardware and software configuration of a geographically-dispersed cluster be certified and listed on the cluster Hardware Compatibility List (HCL) before they will be supported by Microsoft. 

Windows 2000 Clustering: Performing a Rolling Upgrade
This paper discusses the benefits and mechanics of performing a rolling upgrade of clusters running the Windows NT 4.0 Server, Enterprise Edition operating system to the Windows 2000 Advanced Server operating system. This document also provides a step-by-step walkthrough for a rolling upgrade of a two-node cluster, outlines some known issues, and provides some strategies for troubleshooting.

Configuring MSCS
Best Practices for Drive-Letter Assignments on a Server Cluster 
Microsoft Knowledge Base Article: 318534 - This article describes best practices for assigning drive letters to disks on the shared bus on a server cluster. 

Cluster Service Startup Options
Microsoft Knowledge Base Article: 258078 - This is a list of all the available switches that can be used as startup parameters to start the Cluster service. 

Clustering Information on IP Address Failover
Q168567 Microsoft Cluster Server (MSCS) provides the ability to define an IP address resource within a cluster, and for it to failover from one node to another.

How to Change Quorum Disk Designation
Microsoft Knowledge Base Article: 280353 - This article explains the quorum disk resource in Windows Clustering, and describes how to change the drive for the quorum device. 

How to Configure Clustered IIS Virtual Servers on Windows 2000 Advanced Server
Microsoft Knowledge Base Article: 248025 - This article describes how to configure Internet Information Server (IIS) virtual servers on Windows 2000 Advanced Server cluster nodes. 

How to Configure Event Log Replication in Windows 2000 Cluster Servers
Microsoft Knowledge Base Article: 224969 -  By default, when Clustering is installed on Windows 2000 Advanced Server or Windows 2000 Datacenter servers, events that are logged in the event log of one node in the cluster are also shown in the event log of the other nodes. 

How to Configure the SMTP Resource on a Windows 2000-Based Server Cluster
Microsoft Knowledge Base Article: 280400 - This article describes how to install, and configure the SMTP resource from Internet Information Server (IIS) 5.0 to use with Microsoft Cluster Server (MSCS). 

How to Extend the Disk Space of an Existing Shared Disk with Windows Clustering
Microsoft Knowledge Base Article: 263590 - This article discusses how to extend the disk space of a hardware-defined disk with Windows Clustering. If you add additional space to an existing cluster server disk at the hardware level, you must perform additional steps to ensure that the computer system recognizes this additional disk space.

HOW TO: Format an Existing Partition on a Shared Cluster Hard Disk
Microsoft Knowledge Base Article: 257937 - This article describes how to format an existing hard disk or partition on a shared cluster hard disk or partition. You may have to do this if there is NTFS file system damage on a cluster hard disk resource that the chkdsk command cannot repair, or if you want to reformat a partition to start with a known good file system state and known good data. To do this, you may have to format one or all the existing shared hard disks, including the quorum hard disk. In Windows 2000, if a program or service has an open file, you cannot format the hard disk where the file is open. You cannot format the quorum hard disk when the Cluster service is running.

How to Install BizTalk 2000 on Microsoft Cluster Server
Microsoft Knowledge Base Article 303121 - This article describes how to cluster BizTalk 2000 on a clean configuration. There are many components to BizTalk, and you can implement these in several different ways. 

How to Install Service Packs in a Cluster
Microsoft TechNet article Q174799 - The original Microsoft Cluster Server (MSCS) product ships with NT 4.0 Server Enterprise Edition and Service Pack 3 on the first CD-ROM, however you may want to apply later service packs as they are released for fixes or improvements.

How to Migrate a Dfs Root Configuration to a Windows 2000 Cluster
Microsoft Knowledge Base Article: 224508 - Windows 2000 Advanced Server and Datacenter Server use server clustering and provide cluster failover capabilities for a standard Distributed File System (Dfs) root.

How to Set the Startup Value for a Resource on a Clustered Server
Microsoft Knowledge Base Article: 259243 - By default, when the Cluster service starts or when failover occurs, the Cluster service attempts to bring all groups and resources online. For management or troubleshooting purposes, you may want to prevent a particular group or resource from..

How to Set the Startup Value for a Resource on a Clustered Server
Microsoft Knowledge Base Article: 259243 - By default, when the Cluster service starts or when failover occurs, the Cluster service attempts to bring all groups and resources online. For management or troubleshooting purposes, you may want to prevent a particular group or resource 

Implementing Home Folders on a Server Cluster
Microsoft Knowledge Base Article: 256926 - This article describes the basic procedure for sharing home folders on a shared disk on a cluster. 

Installing MTS and MSMQ in a Clustered Environment
Learn about applications accessing Microsoft Message Queue Server (MSMQ) or Microsoft Transaction Server (MTS) running in a clustered environment. By Andrew Samuelson. Source: Windows & NET Magazine (Aug 1999)

Installing the Time Service Resource for Windows Clustering in a Windows NT Domain
Microsoft Knowledge Base Article: 279005 - When you are using Windows 2000 in a Windows NT 4.0 domain, if you are using Windows Clustering, you must install the Time Service resource. This article describes how to install Windows Clustering Time Service when you install Windows 2000 

Quorum Drive Configuration Information
Microsoft Knowledge Base Article: 280345 - This article provides information about configuring the quorum drive. When you install Microsoft Cluster service, you must configure storage at the hardware level so that the operating system and Cluster service have two separate physical devices for cluster usage. 

Recommended Private "Heartbeat" Configuration on a Cluster Server
Microsoft Knowledge Base Article: 258750 - To eliminate possible communication issues, remove all unnecessary network traffic from the network adapter that is set to Internal Cluster communications only (this adapter is also known as the heartbeat or private network adapter). Clustering communicates by using Remote Procedure Call (RPC) calls on IP sockets with User Datagram Protocol (UDP) packets. 

Recommend WINS Configuration for Microsoft Cluster Server
Microsoft Knowledge Base Article: 193890 - A Microsoft Cluster Server (MSCS) with the Windows Internet Name Service (WINS) running may have intermittent connectivity problems with clients on remote networks. This is because the cluster network interface card (NIC) is bound to the WINS 

Windows Clustering Technologies - NLB Configuration Best Practices
This document provides Network Load Balancing requirements and best practices for Microsoft© Windows? 2000 or Windows .NET server. Requirements must hold for the NLB cluster to function correctly. Best practices are suggestions based on deployment feedback and issues seen in the field.
Source: Microsoft TechNet (June 2002)

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